Electronic Arts Digital Illusions Creative Entertainment AB, commonly known as EA DICE or simply DICE, is a Swedish video game developer.
The company was founded in 1992 and has been a subsidiary of Electronic Arts since 2004. Its releases include the Battlefield series, Mirror's Edge, and Star Wars Battlefront.
DICE was founded as Digital Illusions in May 1992 in Växjö, Sweden by five people: Ulf Mandorff, Olof Gustafsson, Fredrik Liliegren, Andreas Axelsson and Markus Nyström, members of the former demogroup The Silents. The Silents ' work is visible in some DICE games. For example, The Silents used the acronym TSL; this acronym is visible in Motorhead on banners and signs. According to the Motorhead manual, TSL is said to stand for "Trans-atlantic Speed League", a case of a backronym.
For an extended period of time, while the employees were also students at Växjö University, the company's office consisted of a small dorm room. During those days the company developed popular pinball games for the Amiga computers, such as Pinball Dreams, Pinball Fantasies and Pinball Illusions. The company moved to Gothenburg in 1994 where it was headquartered until 2005, when that office was merged with the ex-Refraction Games office in Stockholm.
In 1998, the company was registered on the Swedish stock exchange. Although Codename Eagle received a small cult following, the biggest break for DICE was the release of Battlefield 1942 and its sequels and expansions. The Battlefield series jump-started their popularity. In 2004, the total value of the company was estimated at approximately US$55 million.
In January 2000, the company bought Refraction Games and 90% of Synergenix Interactive. This was followed in March 2001 by the acquisition of Sandbox Studios in London, Ontario, Canada.
In November 2004, Electronic Arts announced their intent to purchase all outstanding shares in DICE at a price of 61 kr per share. The board of directors of DICE recommended that the company's shareholders accept the offer. Electronic Arts owned 62% of DICE on 31 March 2005.
On 2 October 2006, EA completed the acquisition for 67.75 kr per share for 2.6 million shares, for a total of 175.5 million kr. DICE was renamed to EA Digital Illusions CE, and CEO Patrick Söderlund became an EA Studio General Manager. DICE Canada, which at the time was being run by DICE co-founder Fredrik Liliegren, was closed down immediately upon acquisition.
In May 2013, DICE Los Angeles was opened as an additional location to DICE. It was formed some time after the dissolution of EA's former subsidiary Danger Close Games, also known before as EA Los Angeles, as a consequence of the commercial failure of Medal of Honor: Warfighter. Several Danger Close employees were transferred to the new studio, while the leadership team including studio manager Fredrik Loving moved from Stockholm. DICE Los Angeles had co-operated with DICE Stockholm in the development of Battlefield 4. The L.A. studio is also working on unannounced projects, built on the Frostbite 3 engine. In May 2013, DICE General Manager Karl-Magnus Troedsson said in an interview: ”There is an extreme talent pool over that we want a part of.”
|Pinball Dreams||1992||Amiga, NES, MS-DOS|
|Pinball Fantasies||Amiga, MS-DOS, NES, 3DO|
|Hardcore||Sega Genesis||Finished but never released|
|Pinball Illusions||1995||Amiga, MS-DOS|
|True Pinball||1997||PlayStation, Sega Saturn|
|S40 Racing||Microsoft Windows|
|Motorhead||1998||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation|
|Swedish Touring Car Championship||1999||Microsoft Windows|
|Swedish Touring Car Championship 2||2000||Microsoft Windows|
|Rally Masters||Microsoft Windows|
|Riding Champion: Legacy of Rosemond Hill||Microsoft Windows|
|NASCAR Heat||PlayStation||In collaboration with Monster Games|
|Matchbox Emergency Patrol||2001||Microsoft Windows|
|JumpStart Wildlife Safari Field Trip||PlayStation|
|JumpStart Dino Adventure Field Trip||Game Boy Color|
|Diva Starz: Mall Mania||Game Boy Color|
|Rallisport Challenge||2002||Microsoft Windows, Xbox|
|Pryzm: Chapter One — The Dark Unicorn||PlayStation 2|
|Battlefield 1942||Microsoft Windows, OS X|
|Shrek Extra Large||GameCube|
|V8 Challenge||Microsoft Windows|
|Battlefield 1942: The Road to Rome||2003||Microsoft Windows, OS X||Expansion pack for Battlefield 1942|
|Midtown Madness 3||Xbox|
|Battlefield 1942: Secret Weapons of WWII||Microsoft Windows, OS X||Expansion pack for Battlefield 1942|
|Battlefield Vietnam||2004||Microsoft Windows|
|Rallisport Challenge 2||Xbox|
|Battlefield 2||2005||Microsoft Windows|
|Battlefield 2: Modern Combat||PlayStation 2, Xbox, Xbox 360|
|Battlefield 2: Special Forces||Microsoft Windows||Expansion pack for Battlefield 2|
|Battlefield 2: Euro Force||2006||Microsoft Windows||Expansion pack for Battlefield 2|
|Battlefield 2: Armored Fury||Microsoft Windows||Expansion pack for Battlefield 2|
|Battlefield 2142||Microsoft Windows, OS X|
|Battlefield 2142: Northern Strike||2007||Microsoft Windows, OS X||Expansion pack for Battlefield 2142|
|Battlefield: Bad Company||2008||PlayStation 3, Xbox 360|
|Mirror's Edge||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, iOS|
|Battlefield Heroes||2009||Microsoft Windows||In collaboration with Easy Studios; freedownload|
|Battlefield 1943||Xbox 360, PlayStation 3|
|Battlefield: Bad Company 2||2010||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, iOS|
|Need for Speed: Hot Pursuit||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Wii, Xbox 360, iOS, Android,Windows Phone||In collaboration with Criterion Games|
|Battlefield Online||Microsoft Windows||In collaboration with Neowiz Games; freedownload|
|Medal of Honor||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360||Developed the multiplayer aspect|
|Battlefield: Bad Company 2: Vietnam||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360||Expansion pack for Battlefield: Bad Company 2|
|Battlefield Play4Free||2011||Microsoft Windows||In collaboration with Easy Studios; freedownload|
|Battlefield 3||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, iOS|
|Battlefield 3: Back to Karkand||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360||Expansion pack for Battlefield 3|
|Battlefield 3: Close Quarters||2012||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360||Expansion pack for Battlefield 3|
|Battlefield 3: Armored Kill||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360||Expansion pack for Battlefield 3|
|Battlefield 3: Aftermath||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360||Expansion pack for Battlefield 3|
|Battlefield 3: End Game||2013||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360||Expansion pack for Battlefield 3|
|Battlefield 4||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox 360, Xbox One|
|Battlefield 4: China Rising||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox 360, Xbox One||Expansion pack for Battlefield 4|
|Battlefield 4: Second Assault||2014||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox 360, Xbox One||Expansion pack for Battlefield 4|
|Battlefield 4: Naval Strike||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox 360, Xbox One||Expansion pack for Battlefield 4|
|Battlefield 4: Dragon's Teeth||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox 360, Xbox One||Expansion pack for Battlefield 4|
|Battlefield 4: Final Stand||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox 360, Xbox One||Expansion pack for Battlefield 4|
|Battlefield Hardline||2015||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox 360, Xbox One||In collaboration with Visceral Games|
|Star Wars Battlefront||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One|
|Mirror's Edge Catalyst||2016||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One||In development|
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article EA DICE, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.
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